By The Associated Press
2013-08-16 09:01 AM
Today is Friday, August 23, the 235th day of 2013. There are 130 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1305 - Scottish rebel leader William Wallace is hung, drawn and quartered for treason in London.
1514 - Selim I, Sultan of Turkey, defeats Shah Ismail of Persia at Tchaldiran.
1572 - On the eve of the Feast of St. Bartholomew, 3,000 French Protestants are massacred in Paris on the orders of King Charles IX, precipitating a fifth religious civil war.
1628 - The unpopular Duke of Buckingham, about to embark at Portsmouth, England with reinforcements for the Protestants at La Rochelle, France, is assassinated.
1813 - The French are defeated by German army under Friedrich von Bulow, preventing march on Berlin.
1838 - The first American women's college, Mount Holyoke, holds its first graduation.
1908 - Abdul Aziz of Morocco is defeated at Marrakesh by Mulai Hafid, the new Sultan.
1914 - Japan declares war on Germany in World War I.
1927 - Italian-born anarchists, Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti, are executed in Boston for the murders of two men during a 1920 robbery. They were vindicated in 1977 by Massachusetts Gov. Michael Dukakis.
1944 - King Michael I of Romania declares war on Germany, and orders the country's military pro-Nazi leader Marshal Ion Antonescu arrested.
1954 - Twenty-one people are killed when a KLM airliner, en route to New York, crashes in the North Sea 10 miles (16 kilometers) off the Dutch coast.
1958 - China provokes an international crisis by bombarding the island of Quemoy, held by Taiwan.
1962 - U.S. Telstar satellite relays the first live television program between United States and Europe.
1969 - Archeologists unearth a 3,400-year-old city buried by volcanic ash beneath Thira, capital of Santorini island. Two-story buildings, Minoan painted vases, a medicine cabinet and storage jars are uncovered. The city is named "Prehistoric Pompeii."
1973 - Four people are taken hostage by a robber in a Stockholm bank in Sweden. During the six-day drama the captor and captives develop a friendship later described as "the Stockholm syndrome".
1978 - Pro and anti-Iraqi Palestinian guerrilla groups agree to end their violent clashes that broke out in Europe, the Middle East and Asia in late July and early August.
1982 - Lebanon's parliament elects Christian militia leader Bashir Gemayel president. He is assassinated three weeks later.
1986 - Leaders of nine southern African nations, meeting in Angola, express support for international economic sanctions against South Africa.
1987 - Iraqi warplanes bomb key Iranian petrochemical complex of Bandar Khomeini.
1990 - Soviet Republic of Armenia declares independence, and Estonia begins formal negotiations with Kremlin on separation from Soviet Union.
1991 - Leftist rebels bomb Colombia's main oil pipeline, forcing the country to suspend pumping of crude petroleum.
1993 - U.N. peacekeepers reach trapped Muslims in Mostar, Bosnia-Herzegovina for the first time in two months and find 55,000 people on the verge of starvation.
1994 - A wave of refugees fleeing Cuba on inner tubes, planks and plastic foam blocks head for the U.S. naval base in Guantanamo.
1995 - The first group of peacekeepers pull out of the U.N. "safe area" of Gorazde, a withdrawal criticized as leaving the Bosnian enclave vulnerable.
1997 - Iran's new moderate president, Mohammad Khatami, appoints a female vice president, the first woman to serve in a top government post since Iran's 1979 Islamic revolution.
2000 - A Gulf Air Airbus A320 crashed into shallow Persian Gulf waters after circling and trying to land in Bahrain, killing all 143 people aboard.
2001 - A Japanese court rules that the central government must pay a total of $375,000 to 15 Koreans who survived an explosion aboard a Japanese ship shortly after World War II.
2002 - Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe unexpectedly dissolves his cabinet and ousts moderates. A move officials say is related to his controversial program to seize land from white farmers and redistribute it to landless blacks.
2003 - John Geoghan, a former Roman Catholic priest whose January 2002 sexual abuse conviction sparked a widespread abuse scandal in the Catholic church, is beaten and strangled to death in prison.
2005 - U.N. Secretary-General Kofi Annan tours the hunger-stricken desert nation of Niger as a French aid group accuses the world body of responding to the crisis too late and with too little.
2006 - A British pilot breaks a land-speed record for driving with a diesel engine, racing across the Bonneville Salt Flats at more than 325 mph (523 kph).
2007 - Pakistan's Supreme Court rules that former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif can return to Pakistan from exile.
2008 - Two foreign journalists, Canadian Amanda Lindhout and Australian Nigel Brennan, are kidnapped near Mogadishu, Somalia.
2009 - The outcry over alleged vote fraud in Afghanistan's election escalates, with President Hamid Karzai's chief opponent charging that turnout figures were padded.
2010 - A 12-hour hostage drama in the heart of the Philippine capital of Manila ends with the deaths of eight Hong Kong tourists and the ex-policeman who seized their bus to demand his job back.
2011 - A pair of judges puts an end to the sensational sexual assault case against Dominique Strauss-Kahn, setting him free after prosecutors argued the hotel housekeeper accusing the French former head of the International Monetary Fund of sexual assault could not be trusted.
2012 - The U.N. nuclear agency forms a special Iran team, drawing together sleuths in weapons technology, intelligence analysis, radiation and other fields of expertise as it seeks to add muscle to a probe of suspicions that Iran worked secretly on atomic arms.
Francois Hotman, French political author (1524-1590); France's King Louis XVI (1754-1793); Arnold Toynbee, British historian (1852-1883); Gene Kelly, U.S. actor-dancer (1912-1996); Barbara Eden, U.S. actress (1934--); Shelley Long, U.S. actress (1949--); Queen Noor, American-born widow of Jordan's King Hussein (1951--).
Thought For Today:
Friendship is honey -- but don't eat it all -- Moroccan proverb.