By The Associated Press
2013-09-20 09:22 AM
Today is Friday, September 27, the 270th day of 2013. There are 95 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1540 - Pope Paul approves Ignatius of Loyola's proposal to create the Society of Jesus, or Jesuit Order.
1601 - Force of 3,000 Spaniards lands at Kinsale, Ireland, to support rebel Earl of Tyrone.
1779 - American John Adams is named to negotiate the Revolutionary War's peace terms with Britain.
1825 - George Stephenson drives the steam locomotive he designed on the opening run of the first passenger railway, from Stockton to Darlington, England.
1923 - Martial law is declared in Germany.
1928 - The United States agrees to recognize the Nationalist Chinese government.
1939 - Warsaw surrenders to Germans after 19 days of resistance in World War II.
1940 - Germany, Italy and Japan sign 10-year military and economic pacts, setting up Berlin-Rome-Tokyo Axis.
1945 - Congress Party and Muslim League win most seats in elections for India's Central Legislative Assembly.
1951 - The West German Bundestag pledges restitution to Jews for crimes perpetrated by the Nazis. No exact amount was decided, but West Germany will repay about $600 million in goods.
1955 - Egyptian Premier Gamal Abdel Nasser announces that Czechoslovakia has signed a barter agreement to exchange arms in return for Egyptian cotton.
1959 - Typhoon batters Japanese island of Honshu, killing almost 5,000 people.
1962 - Army stages coup in Yemen, and Colonel Abdulla el-Sallah becomes premier.
1968 - France bars Britain's entry into European Common Market.
1970 - Jordan's King Hussein and Al Fatah guerrilla leader Yasser Arafat meet in Cairo with 10 Arab chiefs of state and sign agreement ending civil war in Jordan.
1975 - Spanish authorities execute five convicted terrorists, members of the Revolutionary Anti-Fascist and Patriotic Front and Basque separatist movement, provoking angry protests in the Basque Provinces.
1982 - Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin formally requests a probe into the hundreds of Palestinians massacred in the Sabra and Shatilla refugee camps in west Beirut.
1990 - Britain and Iran restore diplomatic relations. Ties had been broken off in March 1989 after the late Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini issued a death sentence against writer Salman Rushdie.
1991 - A team of 44 U.N. inspectors detained by Iraq are freed after being surrounded in their vehicles for four days.
1992 - A Nigerian military-transport plane crashes shortly after taking off from Lagos, killing all 163 people on board.
1993 - The U.N. Security Council bans sales of arms and fuel to the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA) because the rebel movement failed to stop fighting the government and renegotiate a 1991 peace settlement to end the country's civil war.
1994 - American soldiers take over the Haitian parliament as they continue to spread out over the country.
1995 - The three rivals for control of Bosnia-Herzegovina -- Bosnian Serbs, Croats and the Muslim-dominated Bosnian government -- reach an agreement to establish a collective presidency and parliament in Bosnia.
1996 - Islamist Taliban rebels seize control of Kabul and quickly hang former president Najibullah.
1997 - Post-war television broadcasts begin in Bosnia-Herzegovina after an agreement between rival factions allows opposing sides to broadcast on alternating days.
1998 - Gerhard Schroeder and his Social Democrats win German elections after 16 years of conservative rule under Chancellor Helmut Kohl.
1999 - Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak wins his fourth six-year term, taking nearly 94 percent of the vote in a referendum on his presidency.
2000 - A Greek ferry strikes rocks and sinks, killing 75 people. The ship's captain and crew are detained by police, when some survivors say they were watching a soccer match on television as the ship went aground.
2001 - Macedonia's top ethnic Albanian rebel leader, Ali Ahmeti, announces that his forces have disbanded after surrendering thousands of weapons to NATO.
2004 - The top prosecutor for Sierra Leone's war crimes court accuses former Liberian President Charles Taylor of recruiting fighters in the country he once led and working to destabilize other West African nations.
2005 - Afghanistan's Interior Minister Ahmad Ali Jalali resigns after expressing frustration over the involvement of senior officials in the country's booming drug trade.
2006 - California Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signs into law a sweeping global warming initiative that imposes the first cap on greenhouse gas emissions in the U.S.
2007 - Soldiers fire into fleeing crowds in the bloodiest day in the monthlong protest against Myanmar's junta, and at least nine people are killed. Tens of thousands demonstrate for the 10th straight day in Yangon and security forces also raided several monasteries overnight.
2008 - Chinese astronaut Zhai Zhigang completes China's first spacewalk.
2009 - Iran's powerful Revolutionary Guard says it successfully test-fired short-range missiles in drills meant to show Tehran is prepared to crush any military threat from another country.
2010 - Pakistan disputes NATO's claim that its forces have the right of hot pursuit across the Afghan border after coalition helicopters launch airstrikes that kill more than 50 militants who had escaped into Pakistan following an attack on an Afghan security post.
2011 - A convicted killer who escaped from a U.S. prison in 1970 and hijacked an American airliner two years later while dressed as a priest is captured in Portugal after more than 40 years as a fugitive.
2012 - Spain and Greece outline plans to reduce government spending and raise taxes to convince international lenders and financial markets they are on track to cut their deficits.
Cosimo de Medici, Italian founder of the Medici dynasty (1389-1464); King Louis XIII of France (1601-1643); Samuel Adams, U.S. revolutionary leader (1722-1803); Louis Botha, first prime minister of South Africa (1862-1919); Arthur Penn, U.S. film director (1922-2002); Dick Schaap, U.S. sportscaster (1934-2001); Meat Loaf, U.S. rock singer (1947--); Gwyneth Paltrow, actress (1972--).
Thought For Today:
Sanity is a madness put to good uses -- George Santayana, Spanish-American philosopher (1863-1952).