By The Associated Press
2013-09-25 09:01 AM
Today is Wednesday, October 2, the 275th day of 2013. There are 90 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1187 - Besieged Crusader forces in Jerusalem capitulate to Muslim commander Saladin. The Christians retake the holy city in 1229.
1518 - Cardinal Wolsey devises the "Peace of London" among England, France, Emperor Maximilian I, Spain and the Papacy.
1780 - British spy John Andre is hung in Tappan, New York.
1804 - England's populace is mobilized to resist possible invasion by France.
1823 - Spain's King Ferdinand VII, restored by France which also crushed a Spanish rebellion, issues decree for execution of his enemies.
1835 - The first battle of the Texas Revolution takes place as American settlers defeat Mexican cavalry near the Guadalupe River.
1836 - Charles Darwin returns to England from a trip to South America where he documented animal and plant life for his book, "On the Origin of Species."
1870 - Rome becomes the capital of Italy.
1889 - First Pan American Conference is held in Washington.
1918 - King Faisal I enters Damascus to set up an independent Arab state.
1919 - U.S. President Woodrow Wilson suffers a stroke; leaving him partially paralyzed.
1924 - League of Nations adopts Geneva Protocol for peaceful settlement of international disputes.
1934 - Royal Indian Navy is formed.
1940 - H.M.S. Empress of Britain, carrying child war refugees to Canada, is sunk during World War II.
1941 - German army launches all-out drive against Moscow in World War II.
1944 - Nazi troops crush the two-month-old Warsaw Uprising, during which 250,000 people are killed.
1950 - The comic strip "Peanuts," created by Charles M. Schulz, is first published in nine U.S. newspapers.
1958 - The former French colony of Guinea in West Africa proclaims its independence.
1962 - Egypt sends troops to Yemen to support republicans against Saudi-backed royalists.
1967 - Thurgood Marshall is sworn in as an associate justice of the U.S. Supreme Court; becoming the first African-American appointed to the highest U.S. court.
1972 - Denmark's entrance into the European Economic Community is approved by almost two-thirds of voters in a referendum.
1977 - Israel rejects joint U.S.-Soviet declaration on aims of proposed Middle East peace conference.
1988 - Pakistan's Supreme Court orders that planned elections in November be open to all political parties.
1991 - Haiti's military chief advises ousted President Jean-Bertrand Aristide to remain in exile.
1992 - The U.N. Security Council passes a resolution to seize Iraqi oil assets currently frozen abroad. The impounded assets, valued between $500 million to $1 billion, are to help pay for U.N. disarmament, relief efforts and compensation for victims of Iraq's 1990 invasion of Kuwait.
1993 - Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres and Jordan's Crown Prince Hassan meet in Washington, D.C. with U.S. President Bill Clinton to normalize economic relations between their countries.
1994 - U.S. troops in Haiti raid weapons caches in Port-au-Prince, cracking down on violence initiated in previous days by paramilitary units linked to Haiti's military-led de facto government.
1995 - Director of Russia's famed Kirov Ballet, Anatoly Malkov, is arrested for corruption and bribery running into millions of dollars. He later resigns.
1996 - A Peruvian plane slams into the Pacific after its navigation system fails. All 70 passengers and crew are killed.
1997 - Canada recalls ambassador to Israel to protest use of forged Canadian passports by suspected Israel agents.
1998 - A popular Mongolian government minister, Sanjaasuregiin Zorig, is slain. He was seen as a compromise candidate to end a protracted political crisis in Mongolia.
1999 - Rebels release some 40 diplomats and foreigners after taking them hostage at the Myanmar Embassy in Bangkok. The 14 Myanmar dissidents demand the release of all political prisoners in their homeland and the convening of an elected parliament.
2000 - Truck and taxi drivers blockade roads and bridges throughout Yugoslavia to open a protest designed to drive President Slobodan Milosevic from office.
2001 - Seeking the full backing of its 18 NATO allies, the United States provides "clear and compelling" evidence of Osama bin Laden's involvement in Sept. 11 attacks.
2002 - U.S. President George W. Bush reaches an agreement with the leaders of the U.S. House of Representatives on a resolution authorizing military action against Iraq.
2003 - A U.S. District Court judge declines to dismiss all charges against Sept. 11 terrorist suspect Zacarias Moussaoui, and instead bars government prosecutors from seeking the death penalty in his case.
2004 - Afghan intelligence agents backed by international peacekeepers arrest 25 people with alleged links to the Taliban and al-Qaida in an early morning raid in eastern Kabul as the presidential election draws near.
2006 - A gunman storms an Amish schoolhouse in Pennsylvania, killing five girls before committing suicide. It is the third deadly U.S. school shooting in less than a week.
2007 - North Korean leader Kim Jong Il welcomes South Korea's president to Pyongyang for the start of the second-ever summit between the divided Koreas since World War II.
2008 - After extensive repairs and improvements, the World War II aircraft carrier Intrepid returns to the Manhattan pier where it has served for 24 years as a military and space museum.
2009 - In a vote of high drama, the bustling Brazilian carnival city of Rio de Janeiro gets the 2016 Olympics, a first for South America.
2010 - Pakistan keeps a vital border crossing closed to U.S. and NATO supply trucks for a third day, a sign that Islamabad's desire to avoid a domestic backlash over a NATO incursion that killed three Pakistani troops is -- for now -- outweighing its desire to stay on good terms with America.
2011 - Syrian dissidents formally establish a broad-based national council designed to overthrow President Bashar Assad's regime, which they accused of pushing the country to the brink of civil war.
2012 - Georgia's president Mikhail Saakashvili unexpectedly concedes that his party had lost the country's parliamentary election and his opponent had the right to become prime minister, setting the a tage for political turmoil in the final year of his presidency.
Richard III, king of England (1452-1485); Paul von Hindenburg, German president (1847-1934); Ferdinand Foch, French soldier (1851-1929); Mohandas K. (Mahatma) Gandhi, Indian statesman-reformer (1869-1948); Groucho Marx, U.S. comedian (1895-1977); Graham Greene, British writer (1904-1991), Don McLean, U.S. singer (1945--), Sting, British singer (1951--).
Thought For Today:
It wasn't until quite late in life that I discovered how easy it is to say 'I don't know' -- W. Somerset Maugham, English writer (1874-1965).