By The Associated Press
2014-01-28 09:22 AM
Today is Tuesday, Feb. 4, the 35th day of 2014. There are 330 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1585 - France's King Henry III refuses sovereignty of the Netherlands.
1783 - Britain declares a formal cessation of hostilities with its former colonies -- the United States of America.
1789 - George Washington is elected president of the United States.
1874 - British forces under Garnet Wolseley burn Kumasi, Ghana, ending Ashanti War.
1887 - The Interstate Commerce Commission is established to regulate the transport of passengers and goods across state lines by land and water.
1899 - Filipinos stage revolt against United States because independence is not granted.
1938 - Adolf Hitler assumes office of German war minister and names Joachim von Ribbentrop foreign minister.
1945 - U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill and Soviet leader Josef Stalin begin a wartime conference at Yalta.
1948 - Ceylon -- now Sri Lanka -- becomes self-governing dominion in British Commonwealth.
1969 - China's representative in the Netherlands, Liao Ho-Shu, arrives in United States and requests political asylum.
1970 - U.S. President Richard Nixon orders all federal agencies to stop polluting the air and water.
1972 - Britain and nine other nations recognize East Pakistan as independent nation of Bangladesh.
1974 - Newspaper heiress Patricia Hearst is kidnapped in Berkeley, California, by the Symbionese Liberation Army.
1990 - Terrorists ambush bus carrying Israeli tourists in Egypt, killing nine people and wounding 20.
1991 - Iraqi forces overrun one Syrian position and fire artillery at another as they occupy territory in northeastern Saudi Arabia.
1992 - Rebel troops attempt overthrow of Venezuelan President Carlos Andres Perez. The coup leader, Hugo Chavez, wins the presidential elections in 1997.
1993 - Prime Minister Etienne Tshisekedi of Zaire -- now Congo -- comes out of hiding to call for international military intervention to force President Mobutu Sese Seko to surrender power.
1994 - Mortar shells kill nine people waiting in line for food in Sarajevo.
1995 - Chechen rebels shoot down first Russian jet fighter of the war, downing an Su-25 with anti-aircraft guns near Grozny.
1996 - Guatemalan President Alvaro Arzu escapes unharmed when a motorcycle carrying two men lunges toward him as he rides horseback in Antigua, Guatemala.
1997 - In Israel's worst-ever military air accident, 73 soldiers die when two CH-53 Sikorsky transport helicopters ferrying elite troops to Lebanon collide in heavy fog and rain.
1998 - A 6.1-magnitude earthquake and subsequent tremors in Afghanistan's remote northeast kill at least 4,500 people.
1999 - A Russian project to reflect a beam of sunlight from orbit onto dark cities on Earth is foiled when the mirror fails to unfurl properly.
2000 - Despite international opposition, Austria's president swears in new government that includes right wingers loyal to Joerg Haider -- a man known for praising aspects of the Nazi era.
2001 - Israel's powerful ultra-Orthodox religious bloc throws support behind hard-liner Ariel Sharon, giving another boost to the front-runner in election for prime minister.
2002 - Argentina's government says it will completely sever the peso's link with the U.S. dollar within a few days, creating a key test for both the currency and a new economic crisis plan.
2003 - Both houses of the Yugoslav parliament vote to adopt a new constitutional charter, replacing the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia with a less binding union, known as Serbia and Montenegro, between its two constituent republics.
2004 - The Massachusetts high court declares that gays are entitled to nothing less than marriage and that Vermont-style civil unions will not suffice, setting the stage for the first legally sanctioned same-sex weddings in the U.S. by the spring.
2005 - Ukraine parliament confirms Yulia Tymoshenko as the country's new prime minister and gives the firebrand of the country's "Orange Revolution" protests the go-ahead to set the ex-Soviet republic on a new, westward course.
2006 - A surge by thousands of fans in Sao Paulo, Brazil, topple security barriers at an event featuring a Mexican band starring in a popular soap opera. Three people are killed and at least 38 others are injured.
2007 - NATO-led troops kill a senior Taliban leader in a precision airstrike near a southern Afghan town overrun by militants. U.S. Gen. Dan McNeil takes over command of the 35,500-strong force of NATO-led troops in Afghanistan replacing British Gen. David Richards.
2008 - Egyptian forces seal the last of the breaks in the Gaza-Egypt barrier broken down by Hamas militants, ending 12 days of freedom for Gaza's 1.5 million Palestinians.
2009 - Armed Hamas police break into a Gaza warehouse packed with U.N. humanitarian supplies and seize thousands of blankets and food packages.
2010 - The Nigerian suspect in a failed Dec. 25 airliner bombing turns against the cleric in Yemen who claims to be his teacher and has helped the U.S. hunt for the radical preacher.
2011 - President Barack Obama appeals to Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak to focus on his legacy and begin an orderly process to relinquish the power he has held for 30 years. But Obama stops short of calling for Mubarak's immediate resignation.
2012 - Russia and China veto a U.N. Security Council resolution aimed at ending Syria's bloodshed, despite international outrage over a devastating bombardment of the city of Homs by President Bashar Assad's forces. Activists say more than 200 were killed in the bloodiest episode of the nearly 11-month uprising.
2013 - British scientists announce they have rescued the remains of King Richard III -- a scarred and broken skeleton unearthed under a drab municipal parking lot.
Tadeusz Kosciuszko, Polish and American independence fighter (1746-1817); Friedrich Ebert, German president (1871-1925); Fernand Leger, French painter (1881-1955); Charles A. Lindbergh, U.S. aviation pioneer (1902-1974); Isabel Peron, former Argentine president (1931--); Dan Quayle, former U.S. vice president (1947--); Alice Cooper, U.S. rock singer (1948--); Clint Black, U.S. country singer (1962--); Natalie Imbruglia, Australian singer (1975--).
Thought For Today:
No human creature can give orders to love -- George Sand, French author (1804-1876).