By The Associated Press
2014-02-18 09:01 AM
Today is Tuesday, Feb. 25, the 56th day of 2014. There are 309 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1545 - Scots defeat English forces at Ancrum Moor.
1570 - England's Queen Elizabeth I is excommunicated by Pope Pius V.
1601 - England's Earl of Essex, former favorite of Queen Elizabeth I, is executed for treason after his attempt to start a rebellion fails.
1713 - Sweden's King Charles XII is taken prisoner by the Ottoman Sultan.
1793 - American President George Washington convenes the first Cabinet meeting on record - at his home.
1836 - American inventor Samuel Colt patents his revolver.
1870 - Hiram R. Revels became the first black member of the U.S. Senate as he is sworn in to serve out the unexpired term of Jefferson Davis.
1885 - Germany annexes Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
1913 - The 16th Amendment of the U.S. Constitution, authorizing income tax, goes into effect.
1940 - A hockey game is televised for the first time, by New York City station W2XBS, as the New York Rangers defeat the Montreal Canadians 6-2 at Madison Square Garden.
1948 - Communists stage a coup in Czechoslovakia.
1954 - Col. Gamal Abdel Nasser usurps power as premier of Egypt; Syria's President Chickekli flees following army revolt.
1956 - Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev denounces late dictator Josef Stalin before Communist Party Congress in Moscow, beginning the "de-Stalinization" movement.
1976 - United States vetoes U.N. resolution deploring Israel's annexation of Jerusalem.
1986 - Philippines President Ferdinand E. Marcos resigns, brought down by a "people's power" uprising, military revolt, and U.S. pressure.
1988 - Thousands demonstrate in Soviet Armenia despite directive to local authorities to restore order.
1990 - Nicaraguans vote in an election that led to an upset victory for opponents of the ruling Sandinistas.
1991 - Iraqi President Saddam Hussein orders his forces, under attack by allied ground troops, to withdraw from Kuwait. An Iraqi Scud missile hits a U.S. Marine barracks near the Saudi city of Dhahran, killing 28 soldiers and wounding several others.
1992 - Imelda Marcos accepts Philippine government conditions for returning her husband's body.
1993 - U.S. Marines and Nigerian soldiers blast at snipers in central Mogadishu, Somalia, in a five-hour battle that kills one Somali.
1994 - American-born Jewish settler Baruch Goldstein opens fire inside the Tomb of the Patriarchs in the West Bank, killing 29 Muslims before he is beaten to death by worshippers.
1995 - Two bombs blow apart a train car reserved for the military in northeastern India, killing at least 26 soldiers and wounding more than 30.
1996 - Militant Palestinian suicide bomber sets off an explosion on a Jerusalem bus, killing 26.
1997 - President Jiang Zemin delivers a final eulogy for leader Deng Xiaoping, vowing that China's opening to the outside world will continue.
1999 - China vetoes an extension of the U.N. peacekeeping mission in Macedonia, which borders war-torn Kosovo province. Macedonia had established diplomatic relations with Taiwan a month earlier.
2001 - Peace talks aimed at resolving Burundi's 7-year-old civil war end without resolution. The talks had sought to revive a multiethnic power-sharing agreement signed by many of the warring groups.
2003 - Two bomb blasts damage the Colombian consulate and Spanish Embassy in Caracas, Venezuela, wounding five people. The explosions come two days after President Hugo Chavez accuses Spain and Colombia of meddling in Venezuela's internal affairs.
2004 - A protest in northern Uganda about the government's inability to crush the Lord's Resistance Army, a quasi-religious movement that seeks to overthrow the administration of President Yoweri Museveni, erupts into a frenzy of gunfire and revenge, with police opening fire on unruly crowds and demonstrators lynching rival tribesmen. At least nine people are killed.
2005 - Argentina completes the biggest debt restructuring in history, hoping to end its status as an international financial pariah three years after a devastating economic crisis.
2006 - A six-story building housing shops and offices collapse in Dhaka, Bangladesh, killing 20 people and crushing tin-roof homes in a surrounding shantytown.
2007 - Guinea's powerful union chiefs call off a crippling strike after the president agrees to appoint a new prime minister in an attempt to end simmering unrest caused by a year of strikes, some of which turned bloody when put down by police.
2008 - Communist leader Dimitris Christofias wins Cyprus' crucial presidential runoff and pledges to restart talks to reunify the island, immediately agreeing to meet the leader of the breakaway Turkish Cypriots.
2009-- A Turkish Airlines jetliner plows into a muddy field near Amsterdam's main airport but nearly everyone on board --125 people -- survive. Nine die including both pilots.
2010 - Afghan officials raise the national flag over Marjah, asserting government control even as U.S. Marines search for militant holdouts.
2011 -- Hundreds of thousands pour out of mosques and stage protests across the Arab world, some trying to shake off autocratic rulers and others pressuring embattled leaders to carry out sweeping reforms.
2012 -- A gunman kills two American military advisers with shots to the back of the head inside a heavily guarded ministry building, and NATO orders military workers out of Afghan ministries as protests rage for a fifth day over the burning of copies of the Quran at a U.S. Army base.
2013 - Miguel Diaz-Canel is tapped to be Cuban President Raul Castro's chief lieutenant and likely successor.
Today's Birthdays: Gen. Jose de San Martin, hero of Argentine independence (1778-1850); Pierre Auguste Renoir, French artist (1841-1919); Enrico Caruso, Italian opera singer (1873-1921); Dame Myra Hess, English pianist (1890-1965); George Harrison, English singer and Beatle member (1943-2001); Tom Courtenay, English actor (1937--); Herb Elliott, Australian Olympic champion athlete (1938--); Tea Leoni, U.S. actress (1966--); James and Oliver Phelps, English actors ("Harry Potter" movies) (1986--).
Thought For Today:
Hero-worship is strongest where there is least regard for human freedom -- Herbert Spencer, British philosopher (1820-1903).