By The Associated Press
2014-02-26 10:01 AM
Today is Wednesday, March 5, the 64th day of 2014. There are 301 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1496 - England's King Henry VII commissions John and Sebastian Cabot to discover new lands.
1684 - Holy League of Linz is formed by Holy Roman Empire, Poland and Venice against the Turks.
1770 - Crowds and British troops clash in Boston, an incident that becomes known as the Boston Massacre and hastens American Revolutionary War.
1798 - French forces occupy Bern, Switzerland.
1867 - An abortive Fenian uprising against English rule takes place in Ireland.
1868 - U.S. Senate is organized into a court of impeachment to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson.
1933 - The Nazi Party wins 44 percent of the vote in German parliamentary elections, enabling it to join with Nationalists to gain a slender majority in the Reichstag.
1939 - The Republican government of Spain flees to France after their forces are cornered by the Nationalists in the Spanish Civil War.
1946 - Former British Prime Minister Winston Churchill delivers his famous "Iron Curtain" speech at Westminster College in Fulton, Missouri, in United States.
1953 - Soviet dictator Josef Stalin dies. Some 2,000 people are crushed to death in the crowd during the funeral.
1960 - President Sukarno suspends Indonesia's Parliament.
1962 - European extremists in Oran, Algeria, raid prison and kill several Muslim political prisoners.
1966 - British airliner hits Japan's Mount Fuji, killing all 124 people aboard.
1970 - Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty goes into effect after 43 nations confirm ratification.
1974 - Ethiopia's leader Haile Selassie, confronted by continued unrest, agrees to constitutional convention to create new system of elected democratic government.
1990 - South Africa sends troops to Ciskei homeland to suppress mob attacks on factories and shops after military coup there ousted authoritarian president.
1991 - Iraq hands over what it says are the last 35 prisoners from the Gulf War.
1993 - Gen. Philippe Morillon of France, commander of the U.N. mission to Bosnia, goes to the city of Srebrenica in eastern Bosnia, and the Serbs halt their attack on the besieged city.
1995 - Pierre-Claver Rwangabo, the governor of Rwanda's southern province Butare, is assassinated in an ambush. The prime minister blames soldiers of the defeated Hutu-led government living in Zaire.
1996 - U.S. President Bill Clinton sends sophisticated bomb-detection equipment and technical experts to Israel to help battle a deadly wave of terrorism.
1997 - Representatives of North Korea and South Korea meet for the first time in 25 years, for peace talks in New York.
1998 - Dozens of soldiers from an elite Colombian counterinsurgency battalion are killed in a surprise attack, one of the Colombian military's worst defeats by leftist rebels.
1999 - International mediators say the strategic town of Brcko in Bosnia, held by Serbs since the start of the Bosnian war, should be transferred to joint Serb, Muslim and Croat control.
2000 - Thirty-five years after police beat and bloodied voting rights marchers at the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Alabama, modern-day civil rights activists trace the same path with Bill Clinton -- a white Southerner who credited that march for his rise to the presidency.
2001 - A stampede breaks out during the annual hajj pilgrimage in Medina, Saudi Arabia, killing 35 Muslims.
2002 - Boris Berezovsky, once one of Russia's most powerful oligarchs, accuses the Russian Federal Security Services of perpetrating a series of bombings in Moscow in 1999 that was blamed on Chechen terrorists.
2003 - Foreign ministers of France and Russia threaten to veto a U.N. Security Council resolution by the United States, Britain and Spain that declares Iraq had missed its last chance to disarm peacefully.
2005 - A team of U.S. and Ethiopian scientists discovers the fossilized remains of what they believe is humankind's first walking ancestor, a hominid that lived in the wooded grasslands of the Horn of Africa nearly 4 million years ago.
2006 - At least 100,000 protesters demanding the resignation of Prime Minister Thaksin Shinawatra march to the Thai leader's office after a boisterous rally accusing him of corruption and abuse of power.
2007 - The U.N. Development Program says that it suspended its operations in North Korea because Pyongyang failed to meet conditions set by the agency's board following U.S. allegations that U.N. aid money was being diverted to Kim Jong Il's regime.
2008 - Police shoot and kill a man armed with explosives who took 10 Australians hostage on a tourist bus in northern China.
2009 - In harsh criticism of his successors, former Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev likens Vladimir Putin's United Russia Party to the worst of the communists he once led and helped bring down.
2010 - Russian and Ukrainian presidents lavish praise on each other for moving past the "degraded" relations that followed Ukraine's pro-Western Orange Revolution of 2004, but fall short of reaching any specific deals.
2011 - Three weeks after President Hosni Mubarak's ouster, Egyptians turn their anger toward his internal security apparatus, storming the agency's main headquarters and other offices and seizing documents to keep them from being destroyed to hide evidence of human rights abuses.
2012 - Assailants waving the battle flag of al-Qaida gun down 25 policemen in a brazen and well-orchestrated challenge to government control over the strategic town of Haditha fraught with Iraq war symbolism.
2013 - Hugo Chavez, the populist leader of oil-rich Venezuela who was Latin America's most vocal and controversial leader as well as Washington's chief antagonist in the region, dies.
Gerardus Mercator, Flemish geographer-mathematician (1512-1594); Giovani Tiepolo, Italian painter (1696-1770); Soong Mayling, better known as Madame Chiang, wife of Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek of Taiwan (1898-2003); Sir Rex Harrison, British actor (1908-1990); Pier Paolo Pasolini, Italian film director (1922-1975); Penn Jillette, U.S. comedian (1955--); Niki Taylor, U.S. model (1975--); Eva Mendes, U.S. actress (1975--).
Thought For Today:
More tears have been shed over men's lack of manners than their lack of morals -- Helen Hathaway, American writer (1893-1932).