By The Associated Press
2014-03-23 09:01 AM
Today is Sunday, March 30, the 89th day of 2014. There are 276 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1820 - Duc de Richelieu re-establishes censorship of French press.
1842 - Ether is used as anesthetic for first time, by Dr. Crawford Long in United States.
1855 - Treaty of Peshawar signed, whereby Britain and Afghanistan form alliance against Persia.
1858 - The eraser-topped pencil is patented by H. L. Lipman of Philadelphia.
1867 - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward reaches an agreement with Russia to purchase the territory of Alaska for $7.2 million, a deal roundly ridiculed as "Seward's Folly."
1870 - The 15th amendment to the U.S. Constitution, giving black men the right to vote, is declared in effect.
1885 - Russian occupation of Penjdeh, Afghanistan, provokes crisis in Anglo-Russian relations.
1905 - Greeks in Crete revolt against Turkish rule.
1909 - Queensboro Bridge, linking the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Queens, opens.
1912 - Sultan of Morocco signs treaty making Morocco a French protectorate.
1933 - James B.M. Hertzog forms national coalition in South Africa and is joined by Jan C. Smuts.
1945 - Soviet Union invades Austria during World War II.
1949 - Syrian Gen. Hosni al-Zaim seizes power in CIA-backed coup.
1967 - North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) formally closes its military headquarters in France.
1974 - Chinese jetliner arrives in New York in what is described as first civilian flight from Chinese mainland to United States.
1981 - John W. Hinckley Jr. shoots U.S. President Ronald Reagan, who is wounded. The incident which takes place outside a Washington, D.C., hotel also wounds three others.
1988 - Sikh militants kill 15 people in overnight attacks in northern Indian state of Punjab.
1990 - Estonia's parliament declares Soviet Union an occupying power and pledges to seek full independence.
1991 - Albania's Communist leaders free more than 250 political prisoners on the eve of multiparty elections.
1992 - The United Nations starts an effort to return nearly 370,000 refugees to Cambodia.
1993 - After the worst wave of violence in years, Israel closes the occupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip. The closure lasts for months.
1994 - Irish Republican Army announces a three-day cease-fire and calls for direct talks with the British government.
1995 - Fleeing violence in Burundi, thousands of Rwandan refugees trek toward Tanzania; Pope John Paul II issues the 11th encyclical of his papacy in which he condemns abortion and euthanasia as crimes that no human laws could legitimize.
1996 - Lebanese Hezbollah guerrillas rain rockets on northern Israel to avenge the deaths of two Shiite Muslim civilians killed by an Israeli helicopter attack.
1997 - A grenade attack at a political rally in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, kills 10 people and wounds 101 others, including Cambodia's leading opposition politician and an American.
1998 - Blamed for the government's inability to implement economic reforms, Romania's Prime Minister Victor Ciorbea bows to months of pressure and resigns; Rolls-Royce is purchased by German automaker BMW for $570 million.
1999 - Talks with a Russian official fail to move President Slobodan Milosevic of Yugoslavia to accept a peace offer with NATO, which expands the range of airstrike targets to include ministry buildings in Belgrade.
2000 - United Nations halts all operations in Somalia after gunmen shoot at one of its aircraft. No one is injured.
2001 - U.N. Security Council votes to send more peacekeeping troops to Sierra Leone to help the government re-establish authority.
2002 - Britain's Queen Mary, widow of King George VI and mother of his successor to the throne, Queen Elizabeth II, dies at 101.
2004 - Police and military clash with suspected terrorists, including three suicide bombers, and at least 23 people are killed in a third day of violence that rattles the Uzbek capital during a sweep to round up Islamic militants. The dead include 16 terror suspects killed at an apartment near the president's residence.
2005 - British lawmakers say the death toll in Sudan's Darfur region has been underestimated and is likely to be around 300,000, calling attacks against civilians "no less serious" than genocide.
2006 - A cruise ship carrying at least 120 people capsizes and sinks off the coast of Bahrain and 58 people drown.
2007 - Nepal's seven ruling political parties and the country's former Maoist rebels agree to form a joint government, the latest step in ending a decade of civil war.
2008 - A group of 200 Tibetan exiles and monks try to storm the Chinese Embassy visa office in Nepal's capital, but police beat them back with bamboo batons. At least 130 protesters are arrested.
2009 - Japanese, South Korean and U.S. missile-destroying ships set sail to monitor North Korea's imminent rocket launch, as Pyongyang stokes tensions by detaining a South Korean worker for allegedly denouncing the North's political system.
2010 - The world's largest atom smasher throws together minuscule particles racing at unheard of speeds in conditions simulating those just after the Big Bang -- a success that kick-starts a megabillion-dollar experiment that could one day explain how the universe began.
2011 - Fears about contaminated seafood spread despite reassurances that radiation in the waters off Japan's troubled atomic plant pose no health risk, as the country's respected emperor consoles evacuees from the tsunami and nuclear emergency zone.
2012 - Opposition leader Aung San Suu Kyi says that Myanmar's landmark weekend elections will be neither free nor fair because of widespread irregularities, but vows to continue her candidacy for the sake of the long-repressed nation.
2013 -- Kenya's Supreme Court upholds the election of Uhuru Kenyatta as the East African country's next president and the loser accepts the verdict, ending an election season that riveted the nation with fears of a repeat of 2007-08 violence.
Francisco Goya, Spanish artist (1746-1828); Paul Verlaine, French author (1844-1896); John Astin, U.S. actor (1930--); Warren Beatty, U.S. actor (1937--); Eric Clapton, British guitarist/singer (1945--), Tracy Chapman, U.S. singer (1964--); Celine Dion, Canadian singer (1968--); Norah Jones, U.S. singer (1979--).
Thought for Today:
All mankind is divided into three classes: those that are immovable, those that are moveable, and those that move -- Arab proverb.