By MATTHEW DALY
2014-04-10 09:01 AM
WASHINGTON (AP) -- U.S. energy regulators improperly allowed widespread access to a sensitive document that outlined specific locations where America's electric grid is vulnerable to physical threats, a government investigator said Wednesday
The document created by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission should have been kept secret as a national security matter, Energy Department Inspector General Gregory Friedman said. Instead the information was provided in whole or in part to federal and industry officials in uncontrolled settings.
The Wall Street Journal reported last month that a federal analysis indicated that a coordinated terrorist strike on just nine key electric transmission substations could cause cascading power outages across America in each of the nation's three synchronized power networks.
The report followed a comment by former FERC Chairman Jon Wellinghoff that an April 2013 attack on a California electric substation was terrorism. The FBI has said in repeated statements it had found no indications to back that up. FERC could not be reached for comment Wednesday.
The attack, which involved snipping fiber-optic phone lines and firing shots into a PG&E substation near Metcalf, California, caused power outages. Millions of people were asked to conserve energy after power lines were damaged.
Wellinghoff called the incident "the most sophisticated and extensive attack that's ever occurred on the grid to my knowledge."
A March 13 story in the Wall Street Journal said U.S. officials had concluded that coordinated attacks in each of America's three separate electric systems could cause the entire power network to collapse. Knocking out nine key substations could plunge the country into darkness for weeks, if not months, the newspaper said, citing the federal analysis.
Sens. Mary Landrieu and Lisa Murkowski, the top two leaders of the Senate Energy Committee, asked Friedman to investigate the "apparent leak" to the newspaper.
Murkowski called release of the information dangerous and irresponsible and said it "could provide a road map to those who wish to harm the United States."
Landrieu called the leak reckless and said it "put lives in danger."