By The Associated Press
2014-05-25 09:01 AM
Today is Sunday, June 1, the 152nd day of 2014. There are 213 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1479 - The University of Copenhagen, Denmark, is founded.
1524 - The yearlong anti-aristocratic Peasants' War breaks out in southern Germany.
1562 - Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand I signs a truce with the Sultan of Turkey, Suleyman I, agreeing to pay tribute for Austria's share of Hungary.
1671 - Turks declare war on Poland, leading to the Polish surrender of the Ukraine.
1813 - The U.S. Navy gains its motto as the mortally wounded commander of the frigate Chesapeake, Capt. James Lawrence, said, "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.
1857 - Britain's Royal Navy destroys Chinese fleet in China Sea in the Second Opium War.
1869 - New Spanish Constitution is promulgated, continuing the monarchy but allowing universal male suffrage and freedom of religion.
1936 - After a war of conquest, Ethiopia is annexed by Benito Mussolini's Italy.
1943 - A civilian flight from Lisbon to London is shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard.
1945 - Sukarno, leader of the Indonesian independence movement, gives a speech defining the Pantjasila, or Five Principles of Indonesian nationhood, for the first time.
1958 - Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France.
1967 - The Beatles release their landmark album, "Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band."
1968 - Author-lecturer Helen Keller, who earned a college degree despite being blind and deaf most of her life, dies in Westport, Connecticut.
1973 - The Greek military regime abolishes the monarchy.
1976 - Syrian forces invade Lebanon and capture Christian and Muslim positions, advancing on Beirut in attempt to halt 14-month civil war.
1980 - CNN, the Cable News Network, makes its debut in the United States.
1987 - Lebanon's Prime Minister Rashid Karami is killed when a time bomb planted in an attache case explodes in his lap aboard a helicopter.
1990 - U.S. President George Bush and Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev sign a pact to cut nuclear missiles and chemical weapons stockpiles.
1992 - Ecologists, diplomats and native people from around the world gather in Rio De Janeiro, Brazil, for the 12-day Earth Summit.
1994 - South Africa rejoins the British Commonwealth, 33 years after leaving over apartheid.
1996 - Russia announces that the ruble, whose value had been strictly controlled by the Kremlin since the 1920s, will trade freely.
1997 - Betty Shabazz, the widow of Malcolm X, is fatally burned in a fire set off by her 12-year-old grandson in her Yonkers, New York, apartment.
1998 - Fleeing fierce fighting and persecution by Serbs in Kosovo, 2,000 ethnic Albanian refugees reach Albania.
1999 - NATO jets attacking Kosovo fire into neighboring Albania, hitting government bunkers, injuring a refugee and narrowly missing a group of foreign journalists.
2000 - A U.N. tribunal for Rwanda's 1994 genocide sentences a Belgian-born radio journalist to 12 years in prison for broadcasts that encouraged the slaughter.
2001 - Nepal's crown prince Dipendra shoots and kills his parents, King Birendra and Queen Aiswarya, and six other royal family members before shooting himself.
2002- Queen Elizabeth II opens Buckingham Palace to 12,000 guests for a four-day national party in celebration of her 50 years on the throne.
2003 - Engineers close most of the sluice gates of the Three Gorges Dam on China's Yangtze River in the central province of Hubei, thereby beginning the process of filling a reservoir behind the dam.
2004 - Ghazi Mashal Ajil al-Yawer, a Sunni Muslim critic of the occupation, is named as Iraq's new president. Al-Yawer is the choice of the U.S.-picked Iraqi Governing Council, which dissolved itself immediately so that the new government can start work even before it takes power from the American-led coalition at the end of the month.
2005 - Gunmen kill a French diplomat as he drives through Haiti's capital, amid growing insecurity in the hemisphere's poorest country.
2006 - The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers takes responsibility for the flooding of New Orleans by Hurricane Katrina, saying the levees failed because they were built in a disjointed fashion using outdated data.
2009 - An Air France jet carrying 228 people from Rio de Janeiro to Paris runs into a towering wall of thunderstorms and disappears over the Atlantic Ocean.
2010 - Al-Qaida announces that its No. 3 official, Mustafa al-Yazid, has been killed along with members of his family -- perhaps one of the most severe blows to the terror movement since the U.S. campaign against al-Qaida began.
2011 - The number of people hit by a massive European outbreak of foodborne bacterial infections is one third higher than previously known and a stunningly high number of patients suffer from a potentially deadly complication that can shut down their kidneys.
2012 - The U.N.'s top human rights body votes overwhelmingly to condemn Syria over the slaughter of more than 100 civilians, but Damascus appears impervious to the crescendo of global condemnation following a string of massacres.
2013 - Thousands of people flood Istanbul's main square after a crackdown on an anti-government protest turned city streets into a battlefield clouded by tear gas in the biggest popular challenge to Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan's power in a decade in office.
Mikhail Ivanovich Glinka, Russian composer (1804-1857); John Masefield, English poet (1878-1967); Brigham Young, U.S. Mormon leader (1801-1877); Marilyn Monroe, U.S. actress (1926-1962); Colleen McCullough, Australian author (1937--); Morgan Freeman, U.S. actor (1937--); Jason Donovan U.S. actor (1968--); Alanis Morissette, Canadian singer (1974--); Heidi Klum, model and TV host (1973--); Jonathan Pryce, Welsh actor (1947--).
Thought For Today:
Peace without justice is tyranny -- Allen White, American writer and newspaper editor (1868-1944).