By The Associated Press
2014-05-29 09:01 AM
Today is Thursday, June 5, the 156th day of 2014 There are 209 days left in the year.
Highlights in history on this date:
1783 - Joseph and Jacques Montgolfier demonstrate their hot-air balloon.
1794 - Congress passes the Neutrality Act, prohibiting Americans from enlisting in the service of a foreign power.
1795 - Huge fire ravages Copenhagen, Denmark.
1827 - Turks capture the Acropolis in Athens, Greece, after a long siege.
1849 - Denmark becomes a constitutional monarchy with a parliament and freedom of press, association and religion.
1862 - Vietnam cedes southern part of the country, called Cochinchina, to France.
1884 - Civil War hero Gen. William T. Sherman refuses the Republican presidential nomination, saying, "I will not accept if nominated and will not serve if elected."
1885 - British establish protectorate over Niger River region, now Nigeria.
1900 - British forces take Pretoria, South Africa, from the Boers.
1915 - Danish women win voting rights.
1933 - The U.S. goes off the gold standard.
1944 - Allied troops enter Rome.
1945 - Allied Control Commission assumes control of Germany, which is divided into four occupation zones.
1947 - U.S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall calls for a massive program of foreign aid to help the European states recover after World War II. It becomes known as the Marshall Plan.
1965 - U.S. State Department acknowledges publicly for first time that U.S. ground troops in South Vietnam are engaging in combat in defense of key installations.
1968 - U.S. Senator Robert F. Kennedy is shot and mortally wounded just after claiming victory in California's Democratic presidential primary. Gunman Sirhan Bishara Sirhan was immediately arrested.
1975 - Suez Canal in Egypt reopens to international shipping for first time since 1967 Arab-Israeli War.
1981 - The Center for Disease Control and Prevention reports that five gay men in California are suffering from a rare pneumonia found in patients with weakened immune systems. These are the first recognized cases of what became known as AIDS.
1988 - Australian Kay Cottee becomes the first woman to sail alone nonstop around the world.
1988 - Three railroad boxcars packed with industrial explosives blow up near Gorky in Soviet Union, killing 68 people.
1991 - Algeria's president declares a state of emergency in the capital following a crackdown on protests by Muslim fundamentalists. The country's first multiparty parliamentary elections are postponed.
1993 - Forces of Somali warlord Mohammed Farah Aidid ambush U.N. soldiers in Mogadishu, killing 22 Pakistani soldiers.
1995 - Serbian President Slobodan Milosevic says he has convinced Bosnian Serbs to release the 235 U.N. personnel held hostage in Bosnia after airstrikes against the Serbs. The hostages are later gradually released.
1996 - In their first exchange, new Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu tells Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat that there will "never" be a Palestinian state with Jerusalem as its capital.
1997 - The first multiparty parliament elections are held in Algeria, but the Islamic party that was set to win the canceled 1992 elections is banned from participating, and international observers criticize the conduct of the election.
1999 - NATO and Yugoslav officers meet for the first time in Macedonia to discuss the withdrawal of Serb forces from Kosovo.
2000 - Rebels on one side of an ethnic conflict in the Solomon Islands capture the prime minister, put up roadblocks around the capital and overrun key installations, while the rest of the government remains in power.
2001 - The United Nations marks the 20th anniversary of the first official report on AIDS. An estimated 58 million people have contracted HIV, and more than 22 million of them have died in the last two decades.
2002 - A Palestinian suicide bomber detonates a car packed with explosives alongside a bus at Megiddo Junction in northern Israel, killing himself and at least 17 Israelis, including 13 soldiers.
2003 - The United States and South Korea reach an agreement which will result in the removal of U.S. troops from the demilitarized zone, or the DMZ, that separates South Korea and North Korea. The U.S. troops will move to bases well south of the DMZ.
2004 - Ronald Reagan, who devoted his presidency to winning the Cold War, dies after a long struggle with Alzheimer's disease.
2005 - Kurdish rebels ambush a Turkish commando unit overnight, killing four soldiers and wounding one in southeastern Turkey as the rebel command threatens to escalate violence across the country.
2006 - Islamic militants with alleged links to al-Qaida seize control of Somalia's capital, unifying the city for the first time in 16 years and posing a direct challenge to the U.N.-backed government.
2007 - Pipeline diggers unearth a mass grave believed to contain thousands of Jews slaughtered in Ukraine during World War II.
2008 - The United Arab Emirates announces it will name an ambassador to Baghdad, the first Arab country to restore full diplomatic ties to Iraq since the collapse of Saddam Hussein's regime.
2009 - A retired U.S. State Department worker with top secret security clearances and his wife are indicted on charges of spying for Cuba over the past three decades.
2010 - Researchers score the first big win against melanoma, the deadliest form of skin cancer. An experimental drug significantly improved survival in a major study of people with very advanced disease.
2011 - Israeli troops battle hundreds of pro-Palestinian protesters who try to burst across Syria's frontier with the Golan Heights, killing a reported 20 people and wounding scores more in the second outbreak of deadly violence in the border area in less than a month
2012 - A U.S. drone strike in northwest Pakistan kills al-Qaida's second-in-command, the most significant victory so far in the controversial bombing campaign and the biggest setback to the terror network since the death of Osama bin Laden.
2013 -- Syrian troops and their Lebanese Hezbollah allies capture a strategic border town after a grueling three-week battle, dealing a severe blow to rebels and opening the door for President Bashar Assad's regime to seize back the country's central heartland.
Pancho Villa, Mexican revolutionary (1878-1923); John Maynard Keynes, British economist (1883-1946); Federico Garcia Lorca, Spanish poet (1898-1936); Spalding Gray, actor (1941-2004); Fred Stone (AKA Fred Stewart), U.S. guitarist for Sly and the Family Stone (1946--); Laurie Anderson, U.S. performance artist (1947--); Brian McKnight, U.S. singer (1969--); Mark Wahlberg, U.S. actor (1971--).
Thought For Today:
In a dream you are never 80. -- Anne Sexton, American poet (1928-1974).