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Friday, September 5
By The Associated Press
Associated Press
2014-08-29 09:01 AM

Today is Friday, September 5, the 248th day of 2014. There are 117 days left in the year.

Highlights in history on this date:

1590 - The Duke of Parma, advancing from the Netherlands, forces France's King Henry IV to lift the siege of Paris in Catholic League War.

1658 - Dutch take Jaffnapatam, last Portuguese possession in Ceylon, the modern-day Sri Lanka.

1698 - New East India Company is granted charter by King William III of England; Peter the Great executes the Streltzy rebels in Russia and imposes tax on beards.

1793 - The revolutionary government in France starts the 10-month Reign of Terror, during which 17,000 people are executed.

1860 - Britain, Austria, France, Prussia, Russia and Turkey sign treaty to restore order in Syria after massacre of Christians by Druse.

1864 - Combined British, French and Dutch fleets attack Japan in Shimonoseko Straits in reprisal for closing ports and expelling foreigners.

1905 - Treaty of Portsmouth, mediated by U.S. President Theodore Roosevelt in New Hampshire, ends Russo-Japanese War.

1958 - The novel "Doctor Zhivago" by Russian author Boris Pasternak is published in the United States for the first time.

1966 - Chinese news agency claims U.S. planes sunk a Communist Chinese merchant ship and damaged another in the Gulf of Tonkin, killing nine Chinese seamen and wounding seven.

1972 - Eleven Israeli Olympic athletes, four Palestinian guerrillas and a West German policeman are killed in a gun battle at Munich airport.

1975 - U.S. President Gerald Ford escapes an attempt on his life by Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, a disciple of Charles Manson, in Sacramento, California.

1981 - Iran's revolutionary prosecutor general, Hojatolislam Ali Qoddousi, is the fourth major Iranian official in a week to die in a bomb blast.

1986 - Four gunmen holding hijacked Pan Am jet in Pakistan open fire on passengers, killing 20 and wounding more than 100.

1987 - Israeli jets blast Palestinian guerrilla bases near Sidon, Lebanon, killing 41 people and wounding 60.

1989 - Hundreds of thousands of blacks begin two-day strike in South Africa on eve of segregated elections.

1991 - Soviet lawmakers approve creation of interim government to usher in new confederation of sovereign states.

1993 - Seven Nigerian U.N. peacekeepers are killed in an ambush by Somalis in Mogadishu.

1995 - American neo-Nazi Gary Lauck is extradited to Germany from Denmark to stand trial on charges of inciting racial hatred and other counts.

1996 - Ramzi Yousef, a Muslim extremist who allegedly masterminded the 1993 World Trade Center bombing, is convicted with two other men of planning to blow up a dozen U.S. commercial airliners.

1997 - Responding to a triple suicide bombing in Jerusalem, Israel refuses to hand over West Bank land to the Palestinians; Lebanese guerrillas attack an Israeli commando unit in Lebanon, killing at least 11 Israelis.

1998 - North Korea's parliament elects Kim Jong Il to the presidency, completing the communist world's first hereditary succession.

1999 - Tens of thousands of people flee East Timor, terrified as pro-Indonesian militias besiege a U.N. compound and set fire to homes.

2000 - Fierce fighting devastates areas of Jaffna Peninsula, Sri Lanka for a second day, leaving at least 344 people dead, as the government orders a major military offensive ahead of key elections.

2001 - Peru's attorney general files homicide charges against ex-President Alberto Fujimori, linking him to two massacres by paramilitary death squads in the early 1990s.

2005 - Seconds after takeoff an Indonesian airliner shakes violently and slams into a bustling neighborhood, bursting into flames and killing over 140 people -- many on the ground.

2006 - Felipe Calderon becomes president-elect of Mexico when the nation's top electoral court votes unanimously to reject allegations of fraud and certify his narrow victory.

2007 - Hundreds of Buddhist monks hold an anti-government protest march in a central Myanmar town, halting their demonstration only after soldiers fire warning shots and arresting several of them.

2008 - Europe's Rosetta space probe makes a successful flyby of the Steins asteroid 250 million miles from Earth.

2009 - Top finance officials from rich and developing countries agree to curb hefty bankers' bonuses, but the proposed crackdown on excessive payouts so far falls short of European demands after the U.S. and Britain shy away from imposing a cap.

2010 - Two boats capsize in one weekend on Congo's vast rivers and leave 70 people dead and 200 others feared dead in unrelated incidents that are both characterized by heavily loaded boats operated with few safety measures.

2011 - A battered al-Qaida suffers another significant blow when Pakistani agents working with the CIA arrest a senior leader believed to have been tasked by Osama bin Laden with targeting American economic interests around the globe.

2012 -- A major international effort yields the first comprehensive look at how DNA works, an encyclopedia of information that will rewrite textbooks and offer new insights into the biology of disease.

2013 -- President Barack Obama declares Syria a national security threat that must be answered with a military strike and his administration considers a plan to help increase the capabilities of Syrian rebels.

Today's Birthdays:

Louis XIV, the "Sun King" of France (1638-1715); Caspar David Friedrich, German painter (1774-1840); Giacomo Meyerbeer, German composer (1791-1864); Paul Bourget, French author (1852-1935); Arthur Koestler, Hungarian-born British writer (1905-1983); John Cage, U.S. composer (1912-1992); Raquel Welch, U.S. actress (1940--); Bob Newhart, actor/comedian (1929--); Werner Herzog, German director (1942--).

Thought for Today:

It is only the poor who are forbidden to beg -- Anatole France, French author and critic (1844-1924).

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